DMR,DSTAR,C4FM & FM Analogue How we connect it all together
If you want to set up a private gateway for your own use, you do not require an NoV but you are required to use a dummy load instead of an antenna in the node radio... you cannot allow 3rd party traffic in or out of your gateway.. these types of gateway are open to Foundation, Intermediate and Advanced licence holders
The Backbone to the WIRES-X system is not reliant on the REPEATER network, Its mainly the Gateways. Why you may ask ?. Well very few Repeaters are connected to the wires-x system, it can be very expensive to run and can be very hard to setup on the Wires-X system for many reasons i.e. because of DATA usage, Remote locations and internet access availability, Gateways on the other hand are very easy (Hardware wise) Usually they are located in the home where the internet is already established, usually with large bandwidth and for someone who already operates a personal wires-x node via a dummy load its easy to convert to a Gateway for others to use, by applying for and getting an NoV (Notice of variation) and replacing the the dummy load for an antenna. You provide a service for other C4FM users in you area. Here are some things that need to be considered before you try to share your node. You will require equipment that may be tied up for a year just to provide a service for other amateurs... remember you have to be at least a intermediate or full licence holder to operate a gateway....and you will be expected to know the technical answers required to fill in the NoV.....
there has been some confusion about who can run a simplex gateway I use the OFCOM site because they grant the licence, not the ETCC
click the link above then go to the section "who can apply for a Notice of Variation."
HERE ARE SOME OF THE THINGS YOU NEED TO CONSIDER
1. Is there a need,...You may not get one if you already have nodes and Repeaters capable of wires-x access close by...
2. Do I want to use my own node whilst mobile.... Your Gateway will have to be on 2m... 70cm is attended only...
3. What power can my Gateway run... Very little it can be between .05w and 5w OR 7 dBw depending on antenna, coax, losses, Band etc....
4. What Internet Speed & DATA usage is required... Speed wise gateways can operate with an up speed of as little as 0.1 Mbps but DATA can be in excess of 20gb & up per month...
5. What is the cost to setup a gateway from scratch... There are 2 options available... Analogue or Digital in both you require 2 radios and a HRI-200 Wires-X box. (£110) but second user HRI's can be re-registered and used also.
WHO CAN APPLY FOR A SIMPLEX GATEWAY NoV TO THEIR LICENCE ?
it would appear the information supplied via ETCC was incomplete
Amateur Radio (Intermediate) licensees
In the past, the spectrum regulator exercised its discretion and, exceptionally, permitted the variation of some Intermediate licences. We are phasing that out, as we wish to re-establish the position where variations are available to Full licensees only. This is for the reasons given above.
The sole exception is variations for Simplex Gateways. Historically, the spectrum regulator decided that these variations should also be available to Intermediate licensees. We shall maintain this extraordinary privilege.
Apart from Simplex Gateways, therefore, we shall not grant new variations to Intermediate licensees and existing variations will not be renewed when they expire. This will restore the normal position where only Full licensees enjoy these privileges. This typically involves variations for repeaters and beacons.
STILL WANT TO RUN A GATEWAY CLICK HERE TO START or VIEW THE NoV form...
BEST PRACTICE FOR OPERATING ON THE CQ-UK ROOM
So you have connection to the Wires-X system, here is a very concise guide of how to get the best out of it...
1. As with simplex listen first, is there already a QSO in progress ?, digital qso's require gaps between overs to make up for latency within the internet.... so we tend to leave a 2-3 second gap between overs...
2. Making a call requires a certain method for you to be heard completely, so key the mic wait a second, give your call wait a second then un-key the mic.... This method should make sure your heard by all listening....
3. Don't try to rush a CQ call take your time, say it twice if needs be, don't give up... don't think that you have not been heard... you probably have, but we are leaving gaps.... or may have to stop working on something before we can get back to you.
4. Never be afraid to speak we all enjoy activity, whats the point on spending all that money just to listen.....
5. What about RULES?.. We are all Licensed Amateurs, we all know the operating rules and procedure's, its the same for everybody....
I use the DV4MINI AMBE in the Shack (requires no radio's) put it into your PC and it uses the the PC mic & speakers.
Try it with Mobile internet router and a Windows tablet to turn it into a multi-digital hotspot with DSTAR, DMR, C4FM, P25, NXD/DAS, DPMR..
HERE IS WHERE IT ALL STARTED FOR ME !!
Setting up your Wires-X node
When you buy an HRI-200 it has to be registered, before you can use it
after which YAESU will send you a set of numbers
NODE ID XXXXX
ROOM ID XXXXX
you should have these before proceeding with the setup
IT CAN TAKE UP TO 24-48 HRS
First unpack the HRI-200 ( DO NOT plug the HRI-200 into the PC) connect the cable from the HRI-200 to the radio which you have chosen to be the NODE radio, in DIGITAL this has to be a Yaesu C4FM radio (FTM100 or FTM400). The HRI-200 comes with 2 connecting cables, the Digital one (10 to10 pin mini din) will have 2 grey plugs on either end, the Analogue one is all black and has (10 to 6 pin mini din)
download this WIRES-X HRI SOFTWARE
this is the HRI-200 Driver and Wires-X software included, 1st install the driver then install the software (SOFTWARE WILL INFORM YOU WHEN TO PLUG IN THE HRI-200 into you PC) when it has completed RESTART YOUR PC.....
How to get on Wires-X without a digital radio...
Its the same method as above but with Analogue radio's (Better audio is achieved with a Yaesu radio as the NODE)
How to get on Wires-X without a digital radio.... Purchase a HRI-200 box cost £109.00 + delivery. You'll need internet access then using your analog equipment I.E. any Yaesu that has a data socket on the back 7900, 817, 857,897,8800, 8900 etc and a Boafeng/Wouxun handheld to do this......remember though which ever radio you use as the node radio will be tied up just doing that, so use one that you don't rely on for anything else. you will need a dummy load for the back of the node radio so as not to upset Ofcom.....
Setting up a Virgin Media Router for the HRI-200
On your router i.e. the Virgin Media Hub you need the following UDP ports open for the HRI-200 to connect to the internet ports 46100, 46110, 46112, 46114,46120, 46122 to do this on your super hub router if you haven't done so already your router password will normally printed on the bottom of the router on a small white label as will your user name. Unless you've already changed this...
open your browser and type in the address line, 192.168.0.1 then enter your router password once your in the Super hub (click pic 1) then go to advanced settings (click pic 2) then go to port forwarding (click pic 3) add a new rule call it HRI-200 as I have in the picture, then in the start port type 46100 in the end port type 46123 in the protocol box change the drop down to from TCP & UDP to UDP only. finally you have to set the IP address , open a CMD prompt window in windows and type IPCONFIG then press enter ( see pic 4) it will spew out information on what IP address that has been assigned to your PC by the Router in my case the adapter is the IPv4 Address which is 192.168.0.4 ( yours may be different ) you have to put the last digit of this address in (pic 3) IP address then click Add rule and Apply your router should then save and restart....
this is how most routers handle port forwarding so it may work on many others but will obviously look a little different in the layout...
Repeaters, Gateways and Nodes & Rooms
what is NODE (call sign + ND), GATEWAY (call sign + GW), REPEATER (call sign + RPT) many of these in one place like CQ-UK become ROOMS which are the DMR equivalent of a TALKGROUP or a D-STAR equivalent of a REFLECTOR...
ROOMS Are setup to provide many Gateways, Repeaters, and Node's a place to share all the activity, by which we mean imagine a bicycle wheel, it has a HUB in the middle and SPOKES which radiate outward to the wheel rim. The HUB is a ROOM like CQ-UK and the spokes are connections to the Gateways, Repeaters, and Node's. So when you talk into your radio via a Gateway, Repeater, or Node you transmit to the HUB and it re-transmits down every Connection (all the SPOKES) so everyone can hear each other...
REPEATER as with an analogue, does just as the name implies, it repeats what is heard on one frequency and transmits on another as with (GB3WF-RPT) because this is a fusion repeater also linked to the internet and the Wires-X system it can receive & re-transmit to anywhere in the World and requires an NOV from Ofcom, which can only be held by a Full licence holder.
GATEWAY is a simplex frequency repeater, it receives and re-transmits on the same frequency as with (MB6PD-GW), it re-transmits what it hears on the Internet onto a set frequency i.e 144.850 Mhz allowing anyone within RF range of its antenna to not only hear, but talk back to the station calling through the internet, for an Analogue Gateway i.e (MB7-XX) then you must use an analogue radio on its frequency, for a Digital Gateway (MB6XX or MB6IXX) then you must have a Digital enabled radio on its frequency, and remember that station you talk to maybe anywhere in the World...it also requires an NOV from Ofcom. But unlike a repeater both Intermediate and Full licence holders can hold an NOV for a Gateway.
NODE Again its different from GATEWAYS & REPEATERS as anyone with either Foundation, Intermediate or Full Licence can have a NODE a Node is simply PC connected via a HRI-200 interface which is connected to a radio, then using another radio i.e. a low power handheld (both radios should be set to the same frequency) you transmit your voice call into the NODE (or Internet) via the handheld...(NB)
(NB) IMPORTANT Running A NODE radio (attached to the HRI-200 & PC) must be attached to a dummy load and not an Antenna, as it is not allowed to Transmit RF. Nor are you allowed to pass 3rd party traffic on the Amateur Bands.... for this you would require an NOV from Ofcom.
The UK C4FM Network
not all are connected to CQ-UK 27793 Room, if they were we would rival the American link
Important info for UK Repeater Keepers
If your Repeater is not yet connected to the Wires-X system, please bear your DATA usage in mind before you take the next step it can be in excess of 20Gb a month if your repeater is very popular.... Although the system works exceptionally well and creates shared activity across the UK it also uses the HIGHEST LEVELS of Data throughput of all 3 Digital mainstream systems... But it also has some of the Best features of the other available Digital modes (DMR/D-STAR) including Text messaging, Automatic QSL exchange Voice / Picture messaging and Excellent forward error correction, which gives for excellent QSO quality.. Please speak to other Repeaters keepers who operate the system and take into account the DATA usage charges for your particular site.....
UK Fusion Repeaters
note not all are connected to the Wires-X system
Wires-X Explained by the Team at GB3HD many thanks...
What is Wires X ?
WIRES (Wide-coverage Internet Repeater Enhancement System) is an Internet communication system which expands the range of amateur radio communication. For WIRES-X, an amateur node station connecting to the Internet is used as the access point and connects the wireless communication to the Internet. Users' stations can communicate with other amateur stations all over the world using a node within the radio wave range.
How does Wires X work?
Put simply, Wires X capable radios can connect through RF to a Wires X node (such as GB3HD repeater) to the internet and then command that node to connect to other nodes enabling Amateur Radio stations worldwide to communicate with one another.
How do I connect to Wires X if there is not already a QSO in progress?
Quite simply and regardless of the model of radio you have, all you need to do is press the DX button for around 1 second and release. Pressing DX makes the digital connection between your radio and GB3HD.
If all is well, after waiting a few seconds GB3HD will respond to your radio, it will beep and your display will show that you are connected to Wires X.
OK, I am connected, now what?
Once you are connected, you can ask GB3HD to list the available rooms for you and select the one you want to go to for a QSO. The way you do this slightly varies on each model and due to space limitations; it is not possible to list each and every one here. Yaesu have produced a Wires X manual specific to each radio model and you can find the manual for your radio below. Just click on the link below for your radio and the PDF manual for Wires X should download.
I have finished using Wires X. What is the best way to leave the repeater?
In the same way that you got into the room you have been in, first list the rooms.
Select the GB3HD room and connect to it.
On FT1D, FT2D, FTM100D and FTM400D- Once connected to GB3HD room TOO DISCONNECT FROM THE REPEATER OR NODE AFTER YOU PRESSED THE [DX] KEY, ON YOUR RADIO, FIRST PRESS AND HOLD FOR ABOUT 1 SEC [*] ON YOUR DTMF MICROPHONE THEN WHEN IT SAYS [DISCONNECTED] PRESS AND HOLD FOR ABOUT 1 SEC [DX] TO RETURN RADIO TO THE MODE IT WAS IN PRIOR TO CONNECTING,,,,
FT991 users, rather than using DX button, use “Disconnect” on your screen.
Following the above, leaves the repeater back where you found it and is the most considerate way to leave it ready for someone else.
Why does my radio say “No Data” when I try to connect or list rooms?
The most common causes of this are:
During the attempt follow your instructions GB3HD had an issue with the internet connection at that moment. NOT necessarily a fault with the repeater. The internet isn’t always as stable as we would like.
Solution: Try again
An analogue QSO is taking place and as a result, interfered with your data request.
Solution: Operator error. You forgot to listen and allow Hams already using the repeater to have their QSO. Either join their QSO and wait until they finish or wait until they have finished and attempt your connection again. Remember that GB3HD operates in dual mode and is there for analogue stations as well as digital.
Your signal to the repeater is too weak and your instruction was not received.
Solution: Improve your signal into the repeater and try again
The station I am talking to has reported missing the first/last word I said?
Remember that your audio is being sent over RF to GB3HD and then the internet to another node and then again over RF to the receiving station. This means that there is a delay due to the distance. When keying your PTT, leave a second before you speak and after you have finished talking before you release the PTT to allow for the delay. Remember also that when you release the PTT, due to the internet, there may well be a delay before you heard the station returning to you. Again, the length of delay will vary according to distance and internet speed.
I see the busy light coming on but no audio?
The repeater may be sending data or someone is on FM (when you are on wires-x your radio is locked in DN mode).
I have not connected to Wires X but I can a Wires X QSO ?
Another station has already connected to Wires X and so GB3HD is repeating that room. You do not have to use your radio to connect and can join in the QSO if you so wish.
When I try and connect to a room nothing happens?
The system did not get you request try and send it again.
Some node owners restrict access to certain rooms.
None English speaking and cross-mode linking rooms are a couple of examples.
Note: Internet connections play no part whatsoever in the application /granting of an NOV so it is entirely up to the owner of the node as to what restrictions are in place.
I have been told that my audio is poor in digital mode?
Remember that the way that your audio travels in digital mode is different to the way it travels in analogue. You may be talking to far/near to the microphone, your microphone settings maybe low/high. Try adjusting audio first and also practise talking ever so slightly slower.
How can I be a better operator on GB3HD?
Always set your radio to AMS (All Mode Select) so that regardless of how the other party is accessing the repeater (analogue/digital), you will hear their transmission. Remember that this ability to share the repeater with Analogue and Digital users is the foundation idea behind the Fusion system. Nobody gets excluded.
Before using GB3HD in Analogue or Digital ALWAYS LISTEN, LISTEN, LISTEN and LOOK at your radio to check that the repeater is not in use by somebody else. If it is, either join the QSO or listen while you wait for the QSO to end BEFORE making your own call or connecting to Wires X.
ALWAYS put the repeater back in GB3HD room before disconnecting Wires X. This means that analogue users can use the repeater freely and other amateurs do not have to wait for GB3HD to disconnect itself from a room before they can use it.
Respect all other amateurs at all times. Remember that the repeater is there for all to use and there are various ways that they may wish to use it.